Process Servers In Los Angeles

Bonded. We serve defendants easily.

Our Features

Since 2001, we have served the Los Angeles and Orange County areas

Standard Serves

For $85, we will make 4 attempts to serve papers within a 7-day period.

Expedited Serves

For $125, we will make 4 attempts in a 3-day period.  

Same Day Serves

For $225, we will serve the same day. Our process servers will attempt once.

Posting

$40 for documents placed on door in 2 days. 

Skip-tracing services

For $75, we will help in locating the person or company in question.  

Judgment Collections

As a member of the CAJP, we have over 20-years experience in collections. 

Process Servers Los Angeles

We Are The Finest Process Servers In Los Angeles!

Since 2001, we have served the Los Angeles and Orange county areas. From rural to urban areas, we serve these counties with ease and professionalism.

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Testimonials

Customers love our service and how quickly we serve 

Very fine service, and I am a repeat customer having used Process Server Los Angeles for my company.

James Monahan

CEO, Moving Concepts

Great service, and will use again if I have to move. I was surprised on how quickly served the person I was taking to small claims. 

Yvette Glassford

Homeowner, Lomita California

Great serve. I had a court case that was difficult to serve and Process Servers LA did it in one day. I will recommend them to anyone.

Rigan Machado

Hollywood Celebrity trainer


James Bone Guest. The other side signs 1 copy of the Notice and Acknowledgment of Receipt, telling the court that he or she received the papers in the mail, and returns it to the server. For example, if you called friends and family, write down the dates and what they told you, can a process server serve a family member.

Bob Allen. I want to thank Lori Copaus and some of the other post for giving insight on process serving. Such service shall be complete when made and time for purposes of Rule 4. The party or officer making service shall file an affidavit showing the manner and dates of the publication and mailing, and the circumstances warranting the utilization of the procedure authorized by this subpart, which shall be prima facie evidence of compliance herewith.

Native American Issues. A court of this state may exercise personal jurisdiction over parties. You can as well engage individual lawyers or private individuals who have been trained and tested to carry out tasks relating to process serving.

Very good information on this thread about process serving in Texas. Hope this helps, Denise. If you have additional questions about getting your documents served or need a job completed, contact our Riverside process servers at We work with clients throughout California and nationwide to get the job done. Process Server If I am correct, if you want to what happens if a court process server cant serve you a Process Server for your county, you need to contact the county clerk for your county and server downtown los angeles what their requirements are?

It is best to accept them and begin to build your case with your defense team. A printed copy of the publication shall accompany the affidavit. Originally Posted by Melba Martell. If the residence of the party being served is unknown, and for that reason no mailing was made, the affidavit shall so state. Note: If you need to serve a divorce, legal separation or annulment summons and petition or a petition for custody and support of minor children on your ex-spouse or partner, and you do not know where he or she is, there is a special process.

A process server cannot break the law when trying to serve papers, such as trespassing or breaking and entering. The law will eventually catch up with you. Where to hire a process server? In addition, service of process has the added benefit of providing the defendant with notice of the legal action so the defendant will have the opportunity to file a source response.

Identity Theft. I live in Houston Texas. Linda Siniff. Originally Posted by Melanie Morrow. In many cases, a process server is used to serve divorce complaints and other divorce pleadings.

When in an action for the foreclosure of a mortgage on real property or in any action involving title to real property, it is necessary for a complete determination of the action that the unknown heirs of a deceased person be made parties, they may be sued as the unknown heirs of the decedent, and service of a summons may be made on them by publication in the county where the action is pending, as provided in subpart n of this Rule 4.

A DBA means "doing business as". I want to thank you everyone for all the good information given to us new PI's. Thanks for your help Jamie. The service shall be complete thirty days after the first publication. What does Process Serving really consist of? But after a certain amount of time, the court will not continue to allow it. Fill out a Proof of Service, detailing when, where and how the papers were served. You have to sign this document under penalty of perjury. Direct Service Service of process may be made outside the state.

What I wanted to know is there any classes here in the Johnson County,that I can take? Oftentimes clients will request only personal service in these matters to ensure the service is considered valid and avoid any potential rejection of the service.

Service by Notice and Acknowledgment of Receipt is complete on the date the Acknowledgment of Receipt portion of the form is signed by the other side. Thank you so much for the rules and advice on Process Serving. Melba This is what I found out about serving in Texas.

Family and Children. At this point, the defendant is considered served and the process server no longer needs to continue to hunt down the defendant and can move on. Service upon any such party located outside the state may be made as provided in this Rule 4. Include as much detail as possible. Therefore, a process server needs to understand how to become creative at times without crossing the line and doing something they are not supposed to do. The server signs the Proof of Service and returns it to you to file in court Service by posting and mailing is complete 10 days after the day the papers are mailed.

Criminal Law. Disaster Relief. A defendant can drag on lawsuit proceedings initially by attempting to avoid service. How quickly will your process server serve my documents? The server has to attach the Notice and Acknowledgment of Receipt returned by the other side. The server must try different days of the week and different times of the https://processserverlosangelesca.net/los-angeles-county-sheriff-service-of-process.html, at times when the other person is likely to be home.

AND File an application to the court asking for permission to serve by "posting and mailing" pursuant to Code of Civil Procedure section If the court grants permission to serve by posting and mailing, the server must: Post the summons on the premises in a place where the other party the tenant is most likely to see it; and Mail a copy of the papers to the tenant at the tenant's last known address, by certified mail.

Originally Posted by Georgina Laesch Colvin. You can hire a process server through a law firm or a Process Serving company.

I am interested in being a process server, I got process server los angeles county of great information from reading in the forums. If you mailed a letter to the last known address, explain when you sent it, what address you sent it to, and what the result was. Here is the relevant section of Rule which pertains to service upon partnerships and corporations:.

Especially, if you are running away from being served, the process server can keep coming and trying every legal means to ensure that you officially receive and acknowledge the papers if applicable.

You can also submit a job form through our website or fill out our online form. Click to find out how to serve a spouse by publication when you can a process server serve a family member not know your spouse's or partner's whereabouts. Bottom line: if you have someone attempting to serve you papers, they will find a way to do so. However, a process server must follow the law for serving legal documents in California. The server can explore as many as possible means to ensure that the entire task is achieved.

There is no form for this, but you can use a Declaration Form MC Complete an ex parte request for the court order allowing you to serve by publication. Protection from Abuse. Can a process serving to be avoided? This shows the party was served via public notice. Failure to serve the defendant with all filed documents can result in severe consequences, including the court dismissing your lawsuit.

Then, someone from our office will get in contact with you soon.

Service of Process Requirements in Illinois | FreeLegalAid

When you send a service to be served on ABC Corp. If no newspaper is published in any such county, then the required publications shall be made in a newspaper published in an adjoining county. Ideally, you should not avoid being served a court process. Some people prefer skipping town to avoid being served, though it might not be a wise decision to make.

To serve by Notice and Acknowledgement of Receipt: The server mails the summons and complaint to the other side with a 2 copies of the Notice and Acknowledgment of Receipt.

So, for your type of case, only some of these types of service may be allowed. But after a certain amount of time, the court will not continue to allow it. The return of the sheriff of the county in which the action or proceeding is brought that after diligent search or inquiry the sheriff has been unable to find any officer or agent of such corporation upon whom process may be served, shall be prima facie evidence that the corporation does not have such an officer or agent in this state.

What is a process server notice? Service by publication may be employed only under the circumstances, and in accordance with the procedures, specified in Rules 4. Service by registered or certified mail and citation by publication shall, if requested be made by the clerk of the court in which the case is pending. The law requires that the process server thinks outside the box. A process server notice is a legal document, which can be in the form of writs, complaints, or other legal documents, served to a defendant or person caught up in a legal matter.

Look for a process server who is close to where the other side lives or works. There are factors to consider in an attempt by a process server to find and locate an on-the-run defendant or individual in a lawsuit.

The process server will also need to know the Social Insurance Number if required of the person, license plate number, past addresses, names of relatives, occupation information criminal history, can a process server serve a family member, etc.

An exception to Rule is found in Rule The purpose of process service is to place the party on notice that an action has begun or that a relevant https://processserverlosangelesca.net/process-server-los-angeles-ca.html has been filed in the case.

How many times will your process server try to serve? RULE WHO MAY SERVE Citation and other notices may be served anywhere by 1 any sheriff or constable or other person authorized by law or, 2 by any person authorized by law or the written order of the court who is not less than eighteen years of age.

The party or officer making service shall file an affidavit showing the manner and dates of the publication and mailing, and the circumstances warranting the utilization of the procedure authorized by this subpart, which shall be prima facie evidence of compliance herewith. The service shall be complete thirty days after the first publication.

The individual sections on this Online Self-Help Center will tell you what types of service are allowed in your case. Click for help finding a lawyer. A defendant can drag on lawsuit proceedings initially by attempting to avoid service. Service by Mail In "service by mail," someone — NOT a party to the case — must mail the documents to the other party.

Can someone refuse to be served papers? What should I do next in order to get his income information so I can modify child support? I have for the same company for 5 years. The father of my kids and I split up about 8 mos ago.

Until the other side has been properly "served," the judge cannot make any permanent orders or judgments. Rule Process may be served on a Sunday or holiday, except that a writ of distraint or for eviction or possession shall not be served on Sunday. If the order is granted the individual may serve certain items of process Citation and other Notices without further order.

If service by one click at this page the means set forth in the preceding paragraphs of this Rule 4. No civil suit shall be commenced nor process issued or served on Sunday, except in cases of injunction, attachment, garnishment, sequestration, or distress proceedings; provided that citation by publication on Sunday shall be valid.

Personal service is generally accomplished by identifying the person and handing the person the document. Service can be complicated and it is VERY important. No person who is a party to or interested in the outcome of the suit shall serve any process.

The disqualifying conviction varies from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. Such service shall be made by publication of the summons, and of a statement as to the manner in which a copy of the pleading being served may be obtained, at least once a week for four successive weeks 1 in a newspaper published in the county where the action is pending, and 2 in a newspaper published in the county of the last known residence of the person to be served if different from the county where the action is pending.

For example, a document may require that the process server personally serves the individual. In some states, putting an ad for service in the paper will suffice.

At this point, the defendant is considered served and the process server no longer needs to continue to hunt down the defendant and can move on.

Also because it is so reliable, it is generally required when serving the first papers the petition or complaint in a case. This shows the party was served via public notice. If the person I need to serve tries to evade service, what are my options? Serving a Company in Care of an Agent. Personal Service "Personal service" means that someone — NOT a party to the case — must personally deliver the court documents to the other side.

Some documents in a legal action must be served in a specific manner. This information can significantly impact that the methods of service and whether or not sub-service would be considered valid service. In the same way, when you are already involved in a case and file papers with the court, you are required to give the other side notice of the paperwork you have filed.

Whenever the court allows an can a process server serve a family member or substitute form of service pursuant to this subpart, reasonable efforts shall be undertaken by the party making service to assure that actual notice of the commencement of the action is provided to the person to be served and, in any event, the summons and the pleading to be served, as well as any order of the court authorizing an alternative method of service, shall be mailed to the last known business or residence address of the person to be served.

Bottom line: if you have someone attempting to serve you papers, they will find a way to do so. Fees are often based on how far the server has to travel. The information here about the types of service is general. RuleT. METHOD OF SERVICE a Unless the citation or an order of the court otherwise directs, the citation shall be served by any person authorized by Rule by: 1 delivering to the defendant, in person, a true copy of the citation with the date of delivery endorsed thereon with a copy of the petition attached thereto, or 2 mailing to the defendant by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, a true copy of the citation with a copy of the petition attached thereto.

To qualify under Rule a person must be a sheriff, a deputy sheriff, a constable, a deputy constable, or a person appointed by the court issuing the process. There are several ways to serve papers. The Corporation Commission shall file one of the copies in its office and immediately mail the other copy, can a process server serve a family member prepaid, to can process server serve your office of the corporation, can a process server serve a family member, or to the president, secretary or any director or officer of such corporation as appears or is ascertained by the Corporation Commission from the articles of incorporation or other papers on article source in its office, or otherwise.

Does Texas require process servers to be licensed?

Know the Rules: What Is a Process Server Allowed to Do?

My mother is now living in a nursing home. The notice is served to inform the defendant of the initial lawsuit filed against him by another party through an order from the court. If it is not done right, you will not be able to move forward with your case.

They are as follows RULE 6. Sign up for our newsletter and get the latest news and updates from our team. So this will save you money. Personal service involves personally handing the defendant a copy of the documents. Special process servers are often hired to carry out special court assignments. What is a special process server? How do I click the following article the court after a completed service?

Some counties, such as Dallas and Denton, require training. For example, the process server can personally serve the defendant. Do family members get notices? To qualify for the order the person must sign an affidavit attesting to the fact that he or she is over the age of 18, is a disinterested party, and has no disqualifying criminal convictions.

What happens if you cannot serve my court papers? Some of the steps to take include knowing the full identity detail of the person including name, date of birth, last known address, daily habits, vehicle, job, among other details.

Are there any day or time restrictions to service of process in Texas? Not all of them are allowed in all cases, or at all stages of a case.

How long do family members need to wait to be allowed copies of a Will? If no newspaper is published in any such county, then the required publications shall be made in a newspaper published in an adjoining county. Note: If you hire a process server, give them a photo of the person they have to serve if you have one and a list can a process server serve a family member times and places when it will be easy to find that person.

The order authorizing a person to serve process may be made without written motion and no fee shall be imposed for issuance of such order. Where the person to be served is one whose residence is unknown to the party seeking service but whose last known residence address was within the state, or has avoided service of process, and service by publication is the best means practicable under the circumstances for providing notice of the institution of the action, then service may be made by publication in accordance with the requirements of this subpart.

If served by a person other than the sheriff or a deputy sheriff, return and proof of service shall be made promptly by affidavit thereof. Texas Law on Process Server I ask the question, because los angeles cunty registered process server look up attorney, here in my hometown as me about being a process server for him, he needed one.

When the summons is served by publication, the return of the person making such service shall be made in the manner specified in Rules 4. An experienced family law attorney understands how to proceed if a spouse or other party refuses service of family law documents.

A DBA means "doing business as". Each such affidavit of a registered private process server shall include clear reference to the county where that private process server is registered. I am interested in being a process server, I got alot of great information from reading in the forums. Linda Siniff. However, you will need to first obtain approval from the court before you use service by publication as the means to accomplish service of process in your lawsuit.

If the person I need to serve tries to evade service, what are my options? The filing of a pleading responsive to a pleading allowed under Rule 7 a of these Rules shall constitute an appearance. A process server notice is a legal document, can a process server serve a family member, which can be in the form of writs, complaints, or other legal documents, served to a defendant or person caught up in a legal matter. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly.

I live in Houston Texas. Keep this copy in a safe place. What is a Process Server Allowed to Do? This is to let a party know someone has filed a complaint against them. It is stated in the landlords responsiblities that he is responsible for tenants "Healthy Environtment" I have sent the Other Party's income request form to his employer twice and haven't received a response. Or find the address and phone number in the government pages of your phone book. What I wanted to know is there any classes here in the Johnson County,that I can take?

Does anyone know what the process in Lubbock TX is to become a process server? Once you become a process server is it hard to find worksince Law enforcement seem to serve papers. Originally Posted by Georgina Laesch Colvin. Proof of service in a place not within any judicial district of the United States shall, if effected under paragraph 1 of Rule 4.

A process server can also use this method to locate the defendant. What is a process server notice? Thanks for your help Jamie. In some states, a process server may trespass to gain access to the defendant or his or her property.

Know the Rules: What Is a Process Server Allowed to Do? - Dr Legal Process

If a process server is unsuccessful in serving the person, the attorney may file a motion with the court asking to serve the person in another manner. How many times will your process server try to serve? Can someone refuse to be served papers? This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website.

In other states, these warnings cannot be ignored. A person can a process server serve a family member whom service is required may, in person or by attorney or by an authorized agent, enter an appearance in open court, and the appearance shall be noted by the clerk upon the docket and entered in the minutes. Such waiver, acceptance or appearance shall have the same force and effect as if a summons had been issued and served. Failure to make proof of service does not affect the validity thereof.

You can find out the name of the corporation's agent for service at the website of the California Secretary of State. If you are suing Caltrans, you must serve the California Department of Transportation. Serving as a skip tracer, the server tries to find out the location of the skip. If you are suing a business AND its partners, serve each partner. If the person is evasive, the server may leave the papers with an adult household member.

Melba This is what I found out about serving in Texas. Questions Thank you so much for the rules and advice on Process Serving. What should I do next in order to get his income information so I can modify child support? These return how many attempts does a process server have to make really do not store any personal information.

What Can a Process Server Do and What Can't They Do? - Berenji & Associates

Instead, they will have to come back to the home or place of business another time to see if the defendant is available then. After the process server completes service, the process server will fill out an affidavit of service. Originally Posted by Melba Martell. My mother is now living in a nursing home. Hope this helps, Denise. You can find the address and phone number in the government pages of your phone book.

The law requires that server registration county good for year process server thinks outside the box. There are factors to consider in an attempt by a process server to find and locate an on-the-run defendant or individual in a lawsuit.

What does Process Serving really consist of? James Bone Guest. If service is not accepted or waived, then the person effecting service shall make proof thereof to the court. The process server will also need to know the Social Insurance Number if required of the person, license plate click at this page, past addresses, names of relatives, occupation information criminal history, etc.

If a tenant is making me ill by smoking; what rights do I have. You can also call the Attorney General's office at for more information.

If you are suing a partnership under its business name, serve 1 of the partners. If you are suing a limited partnership, serve the general partner, general manager, or the agent for service if there is one.

Service of Process FAQ

If you are suing a city, serve the city clerk or agent authorized to accept service. Can you guarantee my documents get served? What happens if you cannot serve my court papers?

Process Server If I am correct, if you want to be a Process Server for your county, you need to contact the county clerk for your county and see what their requirements are? How long do family members need to wait to be allowed copies of a Will? If you are suing your landlord and the manager of your apartment building will not tell you where the landlord lives, you can click the manager.

Check your county's website for the county clerk's address and telephone number. If you are suing a corporation, serve an officer of the corporation or the agent for service. If you are suing your landlord, serve the owner of the building where you live. The court may grant a motion to serve by public notice. If you are suing a county, serve the county clerk or agent authorized to accept service.

Thank you so much for the rules and advice on Process Serving. C law, it is illegal to sell or carry out private investigation services without a private investigator agency license. Georgina Laesch. Click for the mailing address of the Office of the Attorney General. Some of the steps to take include knowing the full identity detail of the person including name, date of birth, last known address, daily habits, vehicle, job, among other details. In any event the return shall be made within the time during which the person served must respond to process.

Depending on the state, there are a few complex rules about serving the papers. You can also get the address from your local tax assessor's office. If he or she takes the papers and tears them up or throws them away, service is still considered to be valid. What Is Service? View our Help Wanted page for some leads to those companies. Click on the type of service to find out more: Personal Service Service by Mail Substituted Service Service by Notice and Acknowledgement of Receipt Service by posting on the premises and mailing for eviction cases only Service by publication Service by posting at the courthouse Service by certified mail small claims only Service by certified mail for a party who is out of state Service on someone who lives out of the country Personal Service "Personal service" means that someone — NOT a party to the case — must personally deliver the court documents to the other side.

What should I do next in order to get his income information so I can modify child support? Please note that we will charge you whether the documents get served or not. A call to your local District Clerks office should reveal the county fees.

After appointment by the court to serve process it is the responsibility of each individual to generate his own book of business. This information can significantly impact that the methods of service and whether or not sub-service would be considered valid service. You only need to find the person to give him or her your legal papers through a server.

The service shall be complete thirty days after the first publication. The purpose of process service is to place the party on notice that an action has begun or that a relevant document has been filed in the case. Do family members get notices? A printed copy of the publication shall accompany the affidavit. The server then fills out a proof of service, detailing when, where, and how in person the papers were served.

Service of Court Papers. If no newspaper is published in any such county, then the required publications shall be made in a newspaper published in an adjoining county. Nearly all major cities have a number of established process service companies. The charge for serving process is set by the process server or his company policy.

I have sent the Other Party's income request form to his employer twice and haven't received a response. They may erroneously believe that this means process los ca 90038 case will simply go away.

You can also hire a private investigator to help you find someone. My mother is now living in a nursing home. What https://processserverlosangelesca.net/registered-process-server-los-angeles-california.html don't know can, and usually does hurt you! Types of service There are several ways to serve papers.

For example, the process server can personally serve the defendant. The process server can be looking only for one thing: to serve your papers. If the residence of the party being served is unknown, and for that reason no mailing was made, the affidavit shall so state.

The processes only need you to respond to a lawsuit against you which you may not be familiar with. A process server cannot compel a defendant to answer the door. Where the person to be served is one whose residence is unknown to the party seeking service but whose last known residence address was within the state, or has avoided service of process, and service by publication is the best means practicable under the circumstances for providing notice of the institution of the action, then service may be made by publication in accordance with the requirements of this subpart.

It is the responsibility of the litigant asking for service to pay the fees, and is usually done through their attorney. The task of click to see more process server is not only to serve you court papers but also to get you to officially receive the papers if applicable. Federal Summons Federal Rule 4 and Subpoenas Federal Rule 45 may also be served by any disinterested person who is age 18 or older.

In some states, a process server may trespass to gain access to the defendant or his or her property. Also, almost forgot, anyone know what the cost of the insurance is approximatly??? Click at this page service involves personally handing the defendant a copy of the documents. Instead, they will have to come back to the home or place of business another time to see if the defendant is available then.

If the party being served does not want to take the papers, they can be left on the ground in front of him or her. Cancel Print. Regardless of where you are, the process server has the responsibility to find and serve you the court documents.

I mean to legally serve process as a individual, do I have to take care of that stuff, or do alot of people do it under the table?? Why would a process server be looking for me? For example, a document may require that the process server personally serves the individual. The information here is general and may not apply to your case. You may also make a plan to meet the person somewhere and then have a server with you to give him or her the paperwork when you meet up. Advanced Search.

All you need to do is to receive the document and consult your lawyer. So, if a process server is looking for you, then it means there is someone looking to sue you, either for divorce, child support, or any other legal matters. Some documents in a legal action must be served in a specific manner. A court of this state may exercise personal jurisdiction over parties. Some counties, such as Dallas and Denton, require training.

I have for the same company for 5 years. If the subject is not served on that first attempt, we will make a minimum of one follow up attempt every three days.

How many times will a process server attempt to serve court papers? Plus you must have a Passport photo, which I assume is for some sort of ID that they will issue me when they get done.

The server has to identify the party being served and hand the legal papers to him or her and inform him or her that they are court papers. Skip to main content Skip to topics menu Skip to topics menu. Sign up for our newsletter and get the latest news and updates from our team. Others charge by the hour or by other criteria. In some cases, people who know a lawsuit has been filed against them will attempt to avoid service.

In other states, these warnings cannot be ignored. Many who are new to the industry gain experience and knowledge by serving process for an established company. An exception to Rule is found in Rule A subpoena may be server salary los angeles process by any disinterested party who is 18 years of age or older. We will attempt any serve designated as routine within 72 hours of the receipt of documents and payment.

Service by publication may be employed only under the circumstances, and in accordance with the procedures, specified in Rules 4. Each applicant to be a Private Process Server shall file with the District Clerk of Bexar County, Texas, the affidavit and indemnity agreement prescribed by this order A party to a lawsuit through the court can mandate a process server to issue you, the defendant, can a process server serve a family member, a notice of initial legal action against you.

How long do family members need to wait to be allowed copies of a Will? The courts will not provide process to be served nor will they provide leads to new business. The party or officer making service shall file an affidavit showing the manner and dates of the publication and mailing, and the circumstances warranting the utilization of the procedure authorized by this subpart, which shall be prima facie evidence of compliance herewith. The more you know about someone and his or her habits or the places he or she frequents, the easier it will be to figure out a good way to serve him or her with legal papers.

Personal service is generally accomplished by identifying the person and handing the person the document. Such service shall be made by publication of the summons, and of a statement as to the manner in which a copy of the pleading being served may be obtained, at least once a week for four successive weeks 1 in a newspaper published in the county where the action is pending, and 2 in a newspaper published in the county of the last known residence of the person to be served if different from the county where the action is pending.

Any comments or suggestions would be greatly appreciated!!!! The person being served does not have to sign anything. When in an action for the foreclosure of a mortgage on real property or in any action involving title to real property, it is necessary for a complete determination of the action that the unknown heirs of a deceased person be made parties, they may be sued as the unknown heirs of the decedent, and service of a summons may be made on them by publication in the county where the action is pending, as provided in subpart n learn more here this Rule 4.

We will always contact you if there is a problem serving your papers. For the full rules: Rule — Process. This could occur if the subject is not home or evading service.